How to Install Debian 10 (Buster)

4.69 тыс. просмотра скачать ПОДЕЛИТЬСЯ
Опубликовано: 02.08.2019
Detailed Debian 10 Linux installation guide, covering UEFI / BIOS setup, bootable DVD or USB flash drive preparation, the non-free image with proprietary drivers, Xfce setup. Support my work: https://www.patreon.com/neoncipher Follow me on Twitter: https://twitter.com/neon_cipher ------------------------ Debian unofficial non-free image with proprietary drivers: https://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/unofficial/non-free/cd-including-firmware/current/ ------------------------ Check image integrity: For Linux: sha256sum --ignore-missing -c SHA256SUMS For MacOS: shasum -a 256 -c SHA256SUMS For Windows: http://www.labtestproject.com/files/sha256sum/sha256sum.exe The sha256sum.exe program computes and displays hashes. To use it, save sha256sum.exe to the same directory as the ISO files. Select Run... from the Start menu and then enter cmd for the name of the program to start a Command Prompt window. Then change into the download directory. Run sha256sum with each ISO file like this: cd "C:\Documents and Settings\Owner\Desktop" sha256sum.exe debian-10.0.0-amd64-DVD-1.iso The program takes some time to complete, since it must read the entire ISO file. Open the file CHECKSUM with a text editor, such as Notepad, to display its contents. Make sure the hash displayed by sha256sum.exe for each of the downloaded ISO files exactly matches the corresponding hash in the CHECKSUM file. If all of the hashes match, you can burn the ISO file to disc. If a file does not match, download it again. ------------------------ WRITE DEBIAN IMAGE ON A FLASH DRIVE: For Linux: lsblk sudo dd bs=4M if=debian-10.0.0-amd64-DVD-1.iso of=/dev/sdX conv=fsync For Windows: Win32 Disk Imager (https://sourceforge.net/projects/win32diskimager) Universal USB Installer (https://www.pendrivelinux.com/universal-usb-installer-easy-as-1-2-3/#button) Rufus (https://rufus.akeo.ie) ------------------------ How To Boot Up Computer From USB Flash Drive or DVD: https://youtu.be/pQShmMEMqQc ------------------------ Debian 10 artwork theme: Copyright 2018 Alex Makas, radicalmonday (at) lᴉɐɯƃ (dot) com, theme published under GPL-2.0+.
еще
40
Оставить комментарий
Adziu Pusz 12.09.2019 01:13
I just installed free debian version, without propretiary drivers. Can you tell me how to install these drivers now? Or at least WiFi? Pls ;-;
Neon Cipher 12.09.2019 11:41
Hi! I have several videos about proprietary drivers: for Nvidia graphics: https://youtu.be/KUsnygrNUMw for AMD/ATI/Radeon graphics: https://youtu.be/gOwMe_UYMdM for Broadcom WiFi: https://youtu.be/JW0f3NOjWys
Adziu Pusz 26.08.2019 23:02
this is way much more complicated than installing ubuntu, mint, zorin, solus or manjaro which i currently use. in these cases, i only needed to burn usb, run it, prepare partition and run installator, then reboot. and thats all! why do you need to do so much things on debian?
Adziu Pusz 27.08.2019 16:54
@Neon Cipher ;)
Neon Cipher 27.08.2019 14:19
Thank you for the question! I'm going to make a video about why Debian for some users might be a much better option than the distros you mentioned!
Adam Fidusiewicz 22.08.2019 21:00
Hey! Very good video. Properly done. Thank you for sharing your knowledge.
Neon Cipher 23.08.2019 04:30
Welcome! Thank you for the positive feedback! I appreciate it.
Zair 12.08.2019 15:14
on linux just use Etcher
Neon Cipher 12.08.2019 15:20
Thanks, but I prefer dd! :-)
Soft Waffle 07.08.2019 11:28
Youtube is a piece of crap Notified me just now
Adziu Pusz 26.08.2019 22:42
@Neon Cipher but there are no other video platforms xD and these which exists are crap ;p
Neon Cipher 07.08.2019 15:01
I experienced some lags on this platform as well. It is definitely getting worse.
Fizics 06.08.2019 00:22
Grub install failed, this is a fatal error. What do I do tried installing it 3 times it always says that .
Neon Cipher 06.08.2019 15:58
Your computer is not that old. Everything should work fine. Maybe the problem is UEFI. Old computers usually do not support it. Try to reinstall Debian in the legacy BIOS mode, not UEFI (choose the line without "UEFI" in the quick boot menu) and make sure it says "BIOS" instead of "UEFI" in the first installation menu title. With the BIOS mode you won't have the ESP partition, but you will have to answer "yes" in the window that will ask you if either you want to install grub or not. Then choose your hard drive in the list to install grub to.
Fizics 06.08.2019 15:08
Neon Cipher Apu : amp sempron 3850 Ram: 8gb 250 gb HHd Mother board : am1m-a Its just an old pc i don’t have windows along side it the hard drive is clean
Neon Cipher 06.08.2019 11:14
Hi! Can you share your pc specs and config? Are you trying to install Debian alongside Windows? How large are your partitions?
Amal Bangari 05.08.2019 14:10
I get something like "The machine's firmware has started the installer in uefi mode but it looks like the other operating system installed is using bios compatibility mode.... Force uefi installation?" I want to dual boot my pc
Neon Cipher 08.08.2019 11:48
I did some research and found that the same issue happened on Kali Linux, which is Debian-based. Here is the forum describing the problem: https://forums.kali.org/showthread.php?43697-Kali-Installation-fclose-No-space-left-on-device It is probably a bug. The page doesn't have a solution though.
Amal Bangari 07.08.2019 15:12
@Neon Cipher yes . Ubuntu worked
Neon Cipher 07.08.2019 14:58
Are you sure your hard drive is ok? Have a you tried installing some other Linux distribution?
Amal Bangari 07.08.2019 14:43
@Neon Cipher Tried bios mode but got the same error
Neon Cipher 06.08.2019 15:34
Then try the legacy BIOS mode. It should work for you.
K G. 04.08.2019 23:18
One more question. Right now I have Secure Boot DISABLED on my system. I wish to install Debian to a second SSD drive that I have. Should I, (a.) ENABLE Secure Boot first and foremost before plugging in my bootable-USB to install Debian, or (b.) keep Secure Boot DISABLED until I finish installing Debian onto the second drive, then go back into UEFI firmware/BIOS and ENABLE Secure Boot, or (c.) simply keep Secure Boot DISABLED when using Debian and Windows on the same computer. I know that Debian 10 provides support for Secure Boot, so should I go ahead and ENABLE it or what?
Neon Cipher 06.08.2019 10:32
There is a vulnerability in Secure Boot. Researchers believe the security flaw cannot be fully patched: https://www.securityweek.com/secure-boot-vulnerability-exposes-windows-devices-attacks
K G. 05.08.2019 12:42
@Neon Cipher Alright, thanks. I was told that if I had Secure Boot disabled it would put my system at risk to viruses. Secure Boot has been hacked?? What do you mean?
Neon Cipher 05.08.2019 12:13
I would recommend the option c - keep Secure Boot disabled. Secure Boot has been successfully hacked so I find it useless or even worse - harmful because it gives a user the false sense of security.
Yakup ÇATALKAYA 03.08.2019 07:45
Hello.I've watched your videos for 3 days. They are very informative and straightforward to understand. I'd like to ask how I can switch off Nvidia graphic card manually to increase the efficiency of my battery. Thanks in advance. (Debian 10+xfce4)(Dell Inspiron 7567+Nvidia Geforce 1050Ti)
Neon Cipher 03.08.2019 12:31
Hi! Thank you for the positive feedback! I really try to make my videos informative but simple at the same time so more people would switch to Linux. If you have a hybrid graphics chipset, you can install Bumblebee driver to increase the efficiency of your battery. After that your system will use Intel graphics by default. Intel chip uses much less energy, than Nvidia. When you want to activate Nvidia and run a game with it, type in the terminal: optirun (game-name). If you play with Steam, make sure you change the game command line options in the Steam settings to use optirun. That will tell the system to temporarily use Nvidia. I covered Bumblebee driver installation in those videos: https://youtu.be/KUsnygrNUMw or (for gamers): https://youtu.be/YSlTMEmUOBs If you don't need the Nvidia card at all, even for playing games, some laptops allow to turn it off completely in the BIOS settings.
K G. 02.08.2019 15:58
I have a Dell G3 17 gaming laptop. One one SSD I have Windows 10 and on the other I wish to install Debian on a seperate NVMe SSD. Is the Dell G3 considered "cutting edge?"
ss kk 28.09.2019 05:56
"Debian" and "Gaming" usually don't go well. If you play brand new games, definately recommend Ubuntu-based distro like Linux Mint.
K G. 03.08.2019 23:39
@Neon Cipher Thanks. Did some research and found that with UEFI as long as I install Linux after I install Windows onto the respective hard drive (and not vice versa) Grubmenu will allow me to use either OS. However if I install Windows after Linux then Windows will overwrite the boot stuff and things wont be so good.
Neon Cipher 03.08.2019 16:38
Back in the good old MBR/BIOS era it wouldn't be a problem for sure. But unfortunately with UEFI things got tricky.
K G. 03.08.2019 13:48
@Neon Cipher Well it would be installed on a completely different hard drive, so I don't think it would be a problem, right? I have seperate drives for both operating systems.
Neon Cipher 03.08.2019 13:05
I think it's worth a try :-) Note that Windows sometimes overwrites the boot partition so dual boot might not be easy. I recommend to make a copy of the EFI partition right after you install Debian just in case.